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In The Beginning, part 6 – The Sabbath
This is part 6 of our study of Genesis 1, which is the true account of the beginnings of this world. We’ve studied the God Who spoke and it was, trying to grapple with the immeasurable manifestation of His mighty energy by which He brought matter into existence. We’ve seen that this creative power is now applied toward His current objective, to restore lost sinners like me into the image, the eikon of God, and in that way Genesis 1 tells not only the story of creation, but also re-creation.
He begins with us when we’re in “darkness,” and our lives are “empty” and “void,” just like the Bible describes the earth in Genesis 1:2. Then He exercises His marvelous creative power and brings us from “darkness” to “light.” He separates sin from our lives, and His people from the “world,” just as He conducted a four-fold process of separating waters from waters and darkness from light. He implants the holy seed of His nature within us by re-birth and enables us to bear fruit to His glory. Through this Spirit-endowed process, the likeness of His character is imprinted into our lives and hearts and we grow into the image of God. What a fantastic program!
At the conclusion of creation week, God instituted something very special, which is what we’re going to address today. He set apart the next day, which was the seventh day, as a memorial of His creative work. Even before sin pushed its ugly head through the door of Planet Earth, God foresaw a need for a time of special intimacy between Himself and His creatures. A whole day was dedication to the purpose of growing to know one another. God instituted this special time before the relationship was broken by transgression, and if mankind needed the Sabbath before sin, how much more does he need it now!
I’m sure you know that chapter and verse divisions were not part of the original manuscripts. They were added much later and for the most part they provide help in being able to find specific verses and to indicate appropriate thought divisions. However, this is not one those times. The story of Genesis chapter 1 really should continue through chapter 2 verse 3, and what we call verse 4 should begin the new chapter, recapitulating the creation story with emphasis on God’s crowning touch, the creation of mankind.
Here’s what the Bible says in Genesis 2:1-3. “Thus the heavens and the earth, and all the host of them, were finished. And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.”
By three divine acts God set this day apart from all others. First, He “rested” on it. Then He “blessed” it. And thirdly, He “sanctified” it. To “sanctify” means “to separate for sacred use, to make holy.” Only God can make something holy. I can’t. No man can. Only God can “sanctify,” or set apart for holy use. It’s a grave mistake and a fatal deception to think that a mere man can change what God made holy and sanctify another day. It’s blasphemy in the highest proportion.
Let’s think of that word “rest” as it is used in this text. It says that God “rested.” Was that because He was tired? Did He need a break because He had run out of energy? No, God’s energy is limitless. A closer look at the word itself and how it is used in other parts of the Bible will help us understand what the passage is saying. The word “rest” is translated from the Hebrew shabath, from which our word “Sabbath” derives. The word has the basic meaning of “to cease, desist, or rest.” It means to “stop or come to an end.”
This word is used more than 70 times in the Old Testament, and in 47 of those times, or about 2/3, it is translated “cease.” Remember that in all these texts we’re now going to look at, the Hebrew word is shabath,” the word translated “rest” in Genesis 2:2. In Genesis 8:22 we read, “While the earth remains, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat and winter and summer, and day and night shall not cease.” Nehemiah tells Tobiah and Geshem, who want him to come down from the wall-building project and talk to them, “I am doing a great work, so that I cannot come down. Why should the work cease, while I leave it and go down to you?” Nehemiah 6:3.
A synopsis of the enemy’s short-term victory and God’s ultimate triumph can be seen in a study of how this word is used in Scripture. God foretold that if His people departed from them, the blessings He had promised to them would shabath; cease or come to an end and the enemy would have the upper hand. “The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceases.” Isaiah 33:8 Jeremiah 7:34 says, “Then I will cause to cease from the cities of Judah and from the streets of Jerusalem the voice of mirth and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride. For the land shall be desolate.”
But the day of judgment against God’s people would itself come to its end and cease. Psalm 8:2. “Out of the mouth of babes and infants You have ordained strength, because of Your enemies, that you may silence (that’s the word shabath. It’s transated “stilled” in the KJV) the enemy and the avenger.” Isaiah 14:4 looks forward to that great day when the enemy is stopped and silenced. Speaking of Babylon and its king he writes, “How the oppressor has ceased, the golden city ceased. The LORD has broken the staff of the wicked.” And, one of the most beautiful of all Bible promises, Isaiah 21:2, which reads, “All its sighing I have made to cease.” Can you imagine the time when all our “sighing” will be put on permanent and perpetual sabbatical?
So the word shabath has the basic meaning of “cease,” or “stop.” With that in mind, we have no difficulty in understanding the concept that God, when He came to the end of His creative work, “ceased,” or “rested.” His work at that point simply “came to an end,” and, use an analogy with writing, that “sentence” or “expression” of achievement was followed by a “period,” signifying a “full stop.” shabath.
God gave this day of rest to mankind as a blessing, even before sin. Do you see the generous and gracious character of God exemplified in the fact that the first full day of Adam and Eve’s life was the Sabbath, a day “off”? There was “rest” before activity, also reflected in the fact that the dark part of the day, the time of “rest” is what begins a day in Bible reckoning.
This day was given as a time for God and His creatures to get to know each other, to build relationship, to share fellowship, to enjoy each other’s company. What a blessing those first Sabbaths must have been for Adam and Eve! What a thrill it must have been for them to count the days until the next Sabbath would arrive. There’s strong evidence that the days of the week in the Greek language reflect this concept, with the days meaning literally, “First” (toward the next Sabbath).
But then the ugly intruder sin made its entrance, and the peaceful innocent days in the Garden, those exquisite Sabbath hours in personal fellowship, came to their end and ceased. Adam and Eve were expelled from the Garden home, but they took with them two important institutions, established by God Himself and intended to be a blessing to mankind throughout the history of Planet Earth, and an aid in the process God would employ to solve the sin problem and allow re-entry into the Garden. What are these two institutions that pre-date sin? Marriage and the Sabbath. If the Sabbath had been kept faithfully, neither evolution nor atheism would have gained traction.
Satan knows that these two institutions, marriage and the Sabbath, were designed to be a blessing, and so he has unleashed his ceaseless energy against them. This fury has been exhibited throughout history, but it is intensified as we approach earth’s final hour. Today marriage is under attack. We understand that now the United States Supreme Court, on which not one Protestant sits, will hear a case which could result in no state being allowed to define marriage as a union between one man and one woman. They may have already revealed what the final decision will be by striking down Alabama’s ban against gay marriage a couple of weeks ago. When a nation chooses to speak through its government in a way that defaces God’s holy law, that’s serious. It is in fact, the “voice of the dragon.” God’s protective shield of mercy will be pushed away and national tragedy will be the result. Not only the institution of marriage, but also the Sabbath is under attack, and the assault will grow even more fierce as we approach the end.
Some postulate that the seventh-day Sabbath isn’t valid because the days of creation week were actually long epochs and not 24-hour periods of time. I’ve heard some people say, “What about what Peter said? He wrote, ‘But beloved, do not forget this one thing, that with the Lord one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day?’ Doesn’t that show that we can’t really accept the days of Genesis 1 as being literal 24-hour days?” It’s true that the Bible says that, but applying that passage to Genesis 1 is not possible. It’s not “rightly dividing the Word of truth.” This way of thinking is not based on sound reasoning or accurate understanding of Hebrew grammar.
There are two indicators in the text itself that confirm that the days of creation week were the same as days now, comprising 24 hours of time. These two evidences are linked with every single one of the first 6 days. We’ll look just at the first day to use as an example. “God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. So the evening and the morning were the first day.” Genesis 1:5. A similar statement like that follows the accomplishments of each of the first six days.
We find two evidences in the text that bear out the fact that these were literal, common days. I believe that God foresaw the heresies and fallacies that Satan would introduce, and so led Moses to follow this formula for describing the days of that week in the way he did. He said, “The evening and the morning were the first day.” The expression “evening and morning” makes it abundantly clear that he is speaking of actual 24-hour days. Think for a moment, if he meant this “day” to be a thousand years in length. What part of that millennium would be the “evening,” and what part would be the “morning”? If there were 500 years of darkness, how would plant life created on the third day survive? No, the phrase “evening and morning” in Hebrew consistently means a literal 24-hour day.
“But,” someone says, “doesn’t the word ‘day’ sometimes mean something other than a literal 24-hour time period?” It’s true that just as we might speak of the “day of computers,” that in their language at time the word “day” was used in a somewhat figurative way. We speak of us living since 1844 in the “Day of Atonement,” by which we refer to a longer period of time than just a 24-hour period. It’s been more than 170 years since we’ve lived in the “Day of Atonement.” An example in Scripture would be the oft-repeated expression “Day of the Lord.”
But here’s the difference. When a specific number is attached to the word “day,” as it is in each of the six examples in Genesis 1, it never means anything else but a literal day. When it couples “first” with “day,” as it does in Genesis 1:5 when it says, “the evening and morning were the first day,” Hebrew grammar allows for no other interpretation than that of a literal 24-hour time period. Take a look at how attaching a number to a time period makes it literal and specific. The book of Numbers begins by saying, “Now the LORD spoke to Moses in the Wilderness of Sinai, in the tabernacle of meeting, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt.” Those phrases are speaking of a literal day, a literal month and a literal year, confirmed by the usage of a number before each one of them.
When people want to stretch out the days of Genesis 1 into long eons of time, it makes you wonder if they think God was not able to accomplish all that He did in those days, and needed some extra time to bring about the results that Genesis describes. It’s like saying, “He really couldn’t make all the fish and fowl on day 5, could He? He really couldn’t make all the land animals on day six, could He?” It’s a subtle form of evolution and atheism. It’s a lack of faith in the Almighty God. It’s a denial of His massive energy demonstrated in fiat creation ex nihilo. Please put that idea to rest and never visit it again. God is able to do just what the Bible describes and much more. If He wished, He could have done it all on one day, or even within a millisecond of one day. He has all power. Remember the equation we studied that revealed the vast amount of energy used by God in bringing matter into existence.
When you think about it, if you’re going to accept the presence of a Creator as Genesis 1 portrays, but you wish to interpret the “days” as actually being eons of time, it would require a greater miracle to sustain life during that week. The symbiotic relationship of trees receiving carbon dioxide and emitting oxygen, and all the other mutually beneficial systems within nature would have had to be upheld by a direct miracle if the full components of the ecosystem were not present within the short period of six literal days. And, as we’ve noted, if there were 500 years of darkness during the “evening” part of a 1,000 year “day,” how would plant life created on the third day survive? We find no evidence to support the notion that the days of Genesis 1 were anything but literal 24-hour periods of time.
There’s another idea that is being discussed a lot today, and that is that, yes, the days of creation week were literal 24 hours in length, but creation week represents God “improving” on what He had “made” long before. The “stuff,” the raw material was put in place at some non-defined previous time, and then God came along and worked on it during the time recorded in Genesis 1.
Allow me to share with you why I don’t accept that way of thinking. First, I’m a little wary that it tends to drift into that foggy area that suggests that God isn’t able to employ fiat creation, “instantaneous creation by divine command.” To me it seems to put an implied limitation on the awesome and limitless creative energy that the Scripture tells that God has.
Secondly, and more importantly it flies in the face of what God’s Word clearly tells us. And when we speak of this being “God’s Word,” we’re pointing out that we’re not just speaking of it being in the Bible, which indeed is “God’s Word.” But it’s even a step higher than that, in that is the spoken word of God Himself. This is not to diminish confidence in the Scriptures as a whole. Remember that He entrusted human agents, the prophets, to write out the thoughts placed in their minds by the Spirit resulting in the Scriptures.
But beyond that, when it came to His holy Law, He not only spoke with His own voice, but wrote with His own finger in stone those Ten Precepts. And within the Decalogue He Himself made a statement which, at least to my mind, settles this question. We read in the Fourth Commandment, “For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them.” Exodus 20:11. Because the Creator Himself spoke and wrote those words, it seems prudent to me that they be given particular attention and credence.
“But,” someone asks, “doesn’t the age of the rocks indicate that this earth is much older than the 6,000 years that Christians claim, and the whole story of the creation as described in Genesis 1 is
therefore suspect?” This entire argument about the age of the rocks can be laid to rest if one recognizes that God made everything “mature” and “complete.”
Imagine for a moment that you and I were able to visit the Garden of Eden during the week after creation week. You point to the king and queen of Eden, Adam and Eve and ask me how old I think they are. “Oh,” I say, “They’ve got to be about 20 or 25.” Wrong! They’re less than a week old! “What? How can that be?” I ask. It’s because God made them mature and complete. How about those fruit trees, their limbs bowing gracefully with ripe fruit? “They’ve got to be 5 or 6 years old, at least.” Wrong! They’re only about a week old. “But how can those trees be so big and how can their fruit be so ripe if they’ve only been in existence for a week or so?” I inquire. Again, it’s because they were made mature and complete.
And if you could have taken a saw to a trunk of those trees, you would have seen rings that might have made it seem that they were many years old, but you would have been fooled. And if you could have tested the rocks back then, likewise your assumptions would have proved inaccurate, because the day they were created they gave the appearance of age, just as Adam and Eve gave the appearance of maturity. Don’t be disheartened or discouraged by those who make outrageous claims about the age of the earth supported by modern science. They are looking through a different lens, and without the perspective the Bible gives us, they are unable to understand the truth.
Some people contend that God’s holy Sabbath didn’t exist before the Decalogue was written and spoken from Mt. Sinai. That’s false and misleading. It’s one of Satan’s ways to obscure the duty of a Christian to obey his or her Maker in keeping one of His commandments. Some people say that the Law wasn’t invented till given from Mt. Sinai, and since the obligation to obey the Law pertains only to the Old Testament Dispensation and to the “Israel” of the Old Testament, we are free from obeying our Creator’s command to keep the Sabbath. But this line of reasoning isn’t valid either.
We have clear biblical evidence, spoken by two witnesses, to the contrary. It’s true that when God’s people sojourned in Egypt they lost sight of the Sabbath, but when Moses came to lead them forth from slavery, one of the first things that happened was “Sabbath reform.” There was a condition attached to their release, and that condition was obedience to divine law.
Thus we read in Exodus 5:4, 5, “Then the king of Egypt said to them, ‘Moses and Aaron, why do you take the people from their work? Back to your labor.’ And Pharaoh said, ‘Look, the people of the land are many now and you make them rest from their labor!'” What was going on here? Moses and Aaron were reminding the people of their sacred duty to honor God’s holy Sabbath, but that was putting them in direct conflict with their work supervisors. That’s made clear by the fact that Pharaoh said, “Look, the people of the land are many now and you make them rest from their labor!” What’s the word for “rest” in that text? It’s Shabath. Sabbath keeping, as a sign of their faith in Jehovah, was re-introduced as a part of their duty to their Maker, prior to the giving of the Law from Mt. Sinai.
Secondly, we have the story of the giving of the manna, recorded in Exodus 16, which obviously is prior to the giving of the Law recorded in Exodus 20. After God promised them this miracle provision, they went out and saw it covering the ground and said, “What is it?” The way you say “What is it” in Hebrew is manna. “So when the children of Israel saw it, they said to one another, ‘What is it?’ For they did not know what it was.” Exodus 16:15. So, the question manna became its name.
A three-fold miracle accompanied the giving of the manna, bolstering the concept of Sabbath sacredness, even before it was reiterated from Mt. Sinai. First, if one tried to gather more than one day’s need and carry it over to the next, it spoiled. Except that on Friday what you gathered did not spoil on the Sabbath. That was the second miracle. And, thirdly, none fell on the seventh day of the week. For 40 years this miracle bread came, and along with it, a weekly reminder more than 2,000 in number, of the sacredness of God’s holy Sabbath.
Then, in majestic grandeur, God spoke His Law from Mt. Sinai. This was the greatest display of divine majesty since the Creation, and has not been equaled since. Even Moses quaked and trembled, along with the mountain, as we’re told in Hebrews 12, when God thundered His law. The Lord entrusted His servants the prophets to write out His Word, but His finger inscribed the Ten Commandments in the tablets of stone. He put the Sabbath into the very heart of His Law. It’s the longest of the commandments; it’s right in the middle of the commandments; it’s the one which identifies the Giver of the Law and specifies His authority in instituting it; and it’s the only one which begins with the word “Remember.”
Some people speak of the seventh-day Sabbath as the “Jewish Sabbath,” or a person may something to me about “my Sabbath.” Statements like these are based on the false premise that the Sabbath belongs to a specific person or group of persons. Wrong! The Sabbath was made by and belongs to God. It’s His day! Nowhere in Scripture do we read about the “Jewish Sabbath.” What we do read is, “The seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God.” Exodus 20:10. The word “of” in that phrase indicates possession. We read that God calls it “My holy day.” Isaiah 58:13. We read that Jesus called Himself the “Lord of the Sabbath.” Mark 2:28. It’s not “my Sabbath,” and it’s not the “Jewish Sabbath.” It’s the Sabbath of the Lord.
Knowing what a blessing proper Sabbath keeping would provide, Satan attacked it from the very beginning. In earlier Old Testament times, he induced people to become lax in their Sabbath keeping, which did not bring honor to the Creator. Time after time prophets gave their testimony to alert people as to their danger. Jeremiah warned the people that if they persisted in dishonoring God’s holy day, they would be sent into captivity. Jeremiah 17:27. “But if you will not heed Me to hallow the Sabbath day, such as not carrying a burden when entering the gates of Jerusalem on the Sabbath day, then I will kindle a fire in its gates, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem, and it shall not be quenched.”
We know that the destruction of Jerusalem and the captivity of God’s people tragically did indeed come to pass. When they returned from the captivity, again they struggled with honoring God’s holy day, as witnessed by the prophet Nehemiah.
“In those days I saw in Judah some people treading wine presses on the Sabbath and bring in sheaves, and loading donkeys with wine, grapes, figs, and all kinds of burdens, which they brought into Jerusalem on the Sabbath day. And I warned them about the day on which they were selling provisions. Men of Tyre dwelt there also, who brought in fish and all kinds of goods, and sold them on the Sabbath to the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem. Then I contended with the nobles of Judah and said to them, ‘What evil thing is this that you do, by which you profane the Sabbath day? Did not your fathers do thus, and did not our God bring all this disaster on us and on this city? Yet you bring added wrath on Israel by profaning the Sabbath.'” Nehemiah 13:15-18.
Finally they got the message, but then as so often happens, the pendulum began to swing to an opposite extreme. Now the religious leaders added regulation to regulation and so conscripted the Sabbath with their multitudinous requirements that the beauty of God’s special day was lost. For example, it was pronounced a violation of Sabbath-keeping to carry a handkerchief, for that would be bearing a burden. We have the story in John 5 of the man whom Jesus commanded to “take up his bed (a flat mat) and walk,” and the trouble he got into for “breaking the Sabbath.” It was wrong to travel more than a specified distance. Of course, they invented ways to get around their own regulation. It was declared a breach should one expectorate (“spit”), for thereby one might irrigate a blade of grass. You can see why they objected when the disciples plucked some ears of grain and rubbed them in their hands. “Why, they are harvesting a crop and threshing it!”
A two-fold strategy was in the mind of the enemy. This was Satan’s way of first, hiding the glory of God’s Day, of removing its beautiful blessing, and secondly, to set up a rejection of the coming Messiah. Satan well know that the Coming One would obey all of God’s Law, but would seek to clear away the rabbinical traditions heaped upon the Sabbath. So he induced the people to believe, because Jesus didn’t honor the man-made requirements that obscured the splendor of the Sabbath that He was a Sabbath-breaker Himself, and thus they would not receive Him as the Messiah.
Sure enough, as Jesus performed miracles of healing on the Sabbath, acts of mercy completely consistent with true Sabbath-keeping, the spies were there to report Him to the Sanhedrin as One Who didn’t keep the Law. Thus Satan misled many in this centuries-long strategy, to turn their backs on the Savior.
Some question whether the seventh day of the week today is actually the same seventh day of Creation. How do we answer that question? What we do know is that the seventh day of the week in 2015 is the same seventh day when Jesus was here. Meticulously kept records of eclipses maintained by Chinese astronomers verify that there has been no interruption of the weekly cycle for more than 2,000 years. And the seventh day of the week in Jesus’ day is called the “Sabbath according to the commandment” by Dr. Luke, giving confirmation that the day kept in Jesus’ day was the right day.
Speaking of the day on which Jesus died he writes, “That day was the Preparation, and the Sabbath drew near. And the women who had come with Him from Galilee followed after, and they observed the tomb and how His body was laid. Then they returned and prepared spices and fragrant oils. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment.” Luke 23:54-56. If that had been the wrong “seventh day,” the Bible would never had said that about it.
There are a couple of important things about this text in Luke. We know that Jesus obeyed all of God’s requirements. He had to in order to be a perfect and blameless Sacrifice for our sins. Therefore it makes sense that the Sabbath that He observed was the correct one. We can rest assured on that point. And since we have irrefutable evidence that the weekly cycle has not been tampered with going back more than 2,000 years, we can confidently affirm that the seventh day of our weekly cycle today is the proper one to hallow as God’s Sabbath. Yes, 10 days were removed from October of 1582 to adjust the calendar, but the weekly cycle remained intact. Every 4 years we add a day during leap year, but it doesn’t affect the weekly cycle.
Think of this! The Moslems are quite sure that “Friday” today is the proper one for them to keep, according to the tenets of their faith. Jews are secure in keeping the seventh-day Sabbath. Sunday-keeping Christians today are quite confident that the first day of the week is the same as it has been since Jesus rose from the tomb. Would it really make sense that Sabbath-keepers are wrong about which day is the right day, when all the Muslims are sure that Friday is the right Friday and most Christians are confident that Sunday is the right Sunday? Would they all be incorrect, but in harmony with each other in their error? That doesn’t add up.
There’s something else that’s interesting about Luke’s passage. He mentions that when Jesus died it was the day before the Sabbath and given a specific name. He called it the “Preparation.” Where did that come from? The word “Preparation” (paraskevi) goes all the way back to the giving of the manna, when the Israelites were told to prepare on the sixth day because no manna would fall on the seventh. Exodus 16:5.
Because they were told to “prepare” their food on the day before the Sabbath, that word “preparation” became the word for the sixth day of the week. You might think that that’s pretty understandable for people of the Jewish culture. After all, they kept the seventh day rigorously in that time period. But the New Testament wasn’t written in Hebrew. It was written in Greek. How amazing that the word for the sixth day, “Preparation” wound its way into the Greek language! Do you know how hard it is to have a word be seeded, take root and become the common word, the word used by everyone, in a language? We now use the word “google” in common parlance to refer to an internet search, but that’s only after many years during which many people used that word. Yet the sixth day of the week for the Greek world became known as “Preparation.” The Greeks were not known as a whole for their Sabbath-keeping. That’s truly remarkable.
But that’s not the end of the story. The word for the sixth day of the week in Modern Greek, the Greek of 2015 is still paraskevi, “Preparation.” Just put into your search engine the words “meaning of Greek word for Friday” and Wikipedia will tell you, “the Greek word for Friday is Paraskevi and is derived from a word meaning ‘to prepare.'” Fascinating! I wonder if any who speak that language wonder what it is that they are preparing for. And the seventh day of the week for them is still “Sabbath,” sabbaton. In fact, the word “Sabbath” is ingrained into about 100 of the major languages of the world today. The Russian word is “Subbota,” in French it’s “Samedi,” in Spanish it’s “Sabado,” in Rumanian it’s “Sambata,” in Czech it’s “Sobota, ” in Arabic it’s “Sabet,” in Armenian it’s Shabat,” in Bosnian it’s “Subota,” in Italian it’s “Sabato,” in Polish it’s “Sobota,” in Indonesian it’s “Sabtu,” and so on.
There can be no question as to which is God’s holy Sabbath today. It is the seventh day of the week, as it has always been. We, as God’s creatures, have the high privilege of honoring our Creator on His day, the only day specified by Scripture to be blessed and sanctified by Him. Should we not acknowledge the great Sovereign of the universe as the rightful Recipient of our worship? Should we not as humble, compliant, appreciative subjects of His kingdom, honor Him with our obedience? If there is someone here who has not yet decided to follow Jesus and honor Him by keeping holy His Sabbath, I invite you to make that decision right now. His promise is, “Those who honor Me, I will honor.” I Samuel 2:30.
Next time we’ll trace the spiritual significance of the Sabbath as it illustrates God’s overall purpose in Salvation, and the special role of prominence the Sabbath will occupy as a means of expressing ones loyalty and allegiance to the Creator God in the very last days.